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Spice Descriptions and Uses

Parsley - petroselinum crispum

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Parsley comes in curly and flat-leaf varieties. The flat leaf type is better for cooking since its flavour stands up better to heat. The curly leaf type is flavourful fresh and makes an attractive garnish.

Flavour:

A green chlorophyll taste with hints of pepper

How to Use:

As a garnish and to flavour, soups, stews, egg dishes, vegetables, salads, coleslaw, breads, herb sauces, herb butters, tomato and meat sauces, stuffings, fish, meats, poultry, cheese dishes, mixed with ricotta or cottage cheese.

Measuring:

Noodles

Tomato sauce

Fish

Vegetables

2 teaspoons in melted butter tossed with noodles

2 teaspoons per 3 cups sauce

1 teaspoon in 1/2 cup butter spooned over 1 pound of fish

1 teaspoon in 1/2 cup butter over 4 cups vegetables

Medicinal uses: gall bladder problems, gall stones, kidney inflammation, obstruction of the liver, female problems, insect stings, cancer, arthritis, obesity, high blood pressure.

When sprinkled liberally over food, parsley adds small but significant amounts of several trace elements to the diet; for example, copper, iron, magnesium, molybdenum, and zinc. It is also a reasonably good source of calcium.

Other Info:

Persillade is a 50/50 mixture of finely chopped parsley and garlic that is sautéed and added at the end of cooking to dishes such as fish, steaks, chicken, vegetables. You can make a variation of persillade using parsley flakes and garlic powder and then add this mixture directly to your dish.

 

Ellingwood’s American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy

Carum petroselinum.

Synonym—Parsley.

 

CONSTITUENTS—

Apiin, apiol, volatile oil, crystallizable and fatty matter.

 

Apiol—This is a yellowish, oily liquid, not volatile, heavier than water, odor peculiar and distinct from that of the plant, taste acrid, pungent. Dose, from five to ten drops.

 

Preparations—

Infusum Petroselini. Infusion of Parsley. Dose, from two to four ounces.

 

Therapy—An infusion of parsley is beneficial when, with nephritis or cystitis, the specific gravity of the urine is high, and the urination painful and irritating to the mucous membranes. It is useful in gonorrhea and strangury, with great irritation of the parts, with heat, or a scalding sensation on passage of urine, and can be given during the inflammatory stage. It has also been given in dropsy with good results.

 

Apiol is a specific in amenorrhea. Five or six minims in a capsule, three times daily, for six or eight days before the menstrual epoch will restore the flow in many stubborn cases. It has no marked abortive influence. In persistent dysmenorrhea it has cured many cases intractable to other

agents.

 

Active anti-periodic properties have been ascribed to apiol. It is a nerve stimulant. It controls excessive night sweats, either from phthisis, or following protracted malarial disease.

 

Parsley Flakes

Nutrient

Units

1 tsp

-------

0.30 g

Proximates

Water

g

0.027

Energy

kcal

0.828

Energy

kj

3.468

Protein

g

0.067

Total lipid (fat)

g

0.013

Carbohydrate, by difference

g

0.155

Fiber, total dietary

g

0.091

Ash

g

0.037

Minerals

Calcium, Ca

mg

4.404

Iron, Fe

mg

0.294

Magnesium, Mg

mg

0.747

Phosphorus, P

mg

1.053

Potassium, K

mg

11.415

Sodium, Na

mg

1.356

Zinc, Zn

mg

0.014

Copper, Cu

mg

0.002

Manganese, Mn

mg

0.032

Selenium, Se

mcg

0.088

Vitamins

Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid

mg

0.366

Thiamin

mg

0.001

Riboflavin

mg

0.004

Niacin

mg

0.024

Vitamin B-6

mg

0.003

Folate, total

mcg

0.540

Vitamin B-12

mcg

0.000

Vitamin A, IU

IU

70.020

Vitamin A, RE

mcg_RE

7.002

Vitamin E

mg_ATE

0.005

Lipids

Fatty acids, total saturated

g

0.000

4:0

g

0.000

6:0

g

0.000

8:0

g

0.000

10:0

g

0.000

12:0

g

0.000

14:0

g

0.000

16:0

g

0.000

18:0

g

0.000

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

g

0.010

16:1 undifferentiated

g

0.000

18:1 undifferentiated

g

0.010

20:1

g

0.000

22:1 undifferentiated

g

0.000

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

g

0.001

18:2 undifferentiated

g

0.001

18:3 undifferentiated

g

0.000

18:4

g

0.000

20:4 undifferentiated

g

0.000

20:5 n-3

g

0.000

22:5 n-3

g

0.000

22:6 n-3

g

0.000

Cholesterol

mg

0.000