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Celery Seeds, Celery Salt - apium graveolens
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Celery seed is the tiny gray-brown dried seed of the celery plant.  Celery salt is a blend of the ground seeds with salt.  They bring out the flavour in favourites such as potato salad, coleslaw and soups.  Celery seed and celery salt are versatile spices in the kitchen.

 

How to Use:

Celery seed is often used in pickling.  It is a good companion in bread, rolls, pastries, egg dishes especially omelets, hamburger, stews, soup, chowder, meat loaf, stewed tomatoes, tomato juice, clam juice, tomato sauce, potato and green salads, salad dressings, tuna and salmon salad, vegetables, stuffings, sauerkraut.

 

Measuring:

(Celery Seed)

1/4 teaspoon in 5 cups potato salad

2 teaspoons in 3 tablespoons melted butter, brushed over hot bread or rolls

1 teaspoon in 1 cup coleslaw dressing or other salad dressing

1 teaspoon to a pint of pickles or relish

(Celery Salt)

1 teaspoon to 6 eggs for devilled eggs filling

dash to 1/4 teaspoon in tuna, cream cheese, devilled ham for sandwiches

 

Other Info:

 

Apium graveolens Linn.

 

Family : Umbelliferae; Apiaceae

Description

The celery plant (Apium graveolens) is a hardy biennial, occasionally annual, widely cultivated for its fleshy leafstalk , which is used as a vegetable. Celery seeds, which are produced in the second season, are commonly used as a flavouring agent. Separate varieties have been developed for the production of seeds for condiment use and for vegetable celery. There are also root-producing varieties that are used for flavouring soups and stews.

 

Botany

Celery, a herbaceous annual or biennial plant of the carrot, parsley and caraway family and is native to southern Europe. In India, it is occurring wild and also is cultivated in the foothills of northwestern Himalayas and the outlying hills of Punjab, Himachel Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Roots are succulent, well developed and numerous. Stems are branching, angular, jointed and reaching a height of 2-4 m. Leaves are oblong, 7-18 cm long, pinnate or trifoliate. It throws up a flower head in the second year producing masses of fruits. The flowers are white or greenish white, very small on sessile compound umbels. The fruit itself is two united carpels which each produce a single seed. The seed is small, about 1-2 mm in length, oval and greenish brown.

 

Cultivation

Celery requires a rich moist soil and considerable care, both in starting the young plants and in bringing them to maturity. Plants may be grown indoors or in a prepared seedbed and, when large enough, transplanted to rows 90cm apart and spaced 10-15 cm apart in the row. Seeds may also be sown directly in the garden early in spring and the plants later thinned to 2 or 3 per 30 cm. For seed purposes the plants must be well mulched with straw or litter to prevent winter killing when there is a severe freezing. In the first season, the tender leaves and leaf stalks may be used either fresh or dry for flavouring purposes. The seed umbels form on long flower stalks that develop during the second season and are harvested when mature. The root-producing varieties can be handled in the same manner as parsnips for winter use. The fruiting umbels can be dried either in the shade or sun and the seeds separated by threshing and stored in closed containers. The young tender leaves when dried possess a flavour similar to that of the fresh leaves and stalks.

 

Celery contains 1.5-3% volatile oil, primarily containing about 60-70 % d-limonene and 10-20% b-selinene. The oleoresin extracted from celery contains 12-16% volatile oil. The seeds contain apiin, apigenin, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Several other substances like rutaractin, apiumetin etc. are also present.

 

Aroma and flavour

The seeds can be used in pickling fish and in salads, salad dressings, and other dishes where celery flavour is desired. Ground celery is used in a large variety of products like meat dishes, snack foods, gravies and sauces to provide a flavour enhancing effect. The leafstalks and roots give flavour as well as food value to soups and salads.

 

Culinary use

Blanched celery leaves are eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable. Whole seeds can be added to bread dough or when making cheese biscuits. Celery salt and celery pepper are both made by grinding the seeds with either salt or peppercorns in the required proportions.

 

Medicinal and other use

Celery seeds have stimulant and carminative properties. Since they have tranquilizing effect it is prescribed as a decoction in psychiatric, epilepsy like diseases. The fatty oil from seeds is antispasmodic and nerve stimulant. The roots possess diuretic property. The oleoresin is also used in a large variety of food items. The oil from the seeds is used medically to treat asthma, flatulence and bronchitis.


 

Celery was developed in the 17th century from wild celery found in the salt marshes of Europe.  Celery is a member of the carrot, parsley and caraway family.  Like caraway, the fruit of the celery plant consists of  two joined carpels, which divide into single seeds when harvested.  

 

Indian Institute of Spices Research, India

 
Celery seed, Apium graveolens
Nutrient
Units
1 tsp
-------
2.0 g
Proximates
. .
Water
g
0.121
Energy
kcal
7.840
Energy
kj
32.820
Protein
g
0.361
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.505
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
0.827
Fiber, total dietary
g
0.236
Ash
g
0.185
Minerals
. .
Calcium, Ca
mg
35.340
Iron, Fe
mg
0.898
Magnesium, Mg
mg
8.800
Phosphorus, P
mg
10.940
Potassium, K
mg
28.000
Sodium, Na
mg
3.200
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.139
Copper, Cu
mg
0.027
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.151
Selenium, Se
mcg
0.242
Vitamins
. .
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
0.342
Thiamin
mg
0.007
Riboflavin
mg
0.006
Niacin
mg
0.061
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.007
Folate, total
mcg
0.200
Vitamin B-12
mcg
0.000
Vitamin A, IU
IU
1.040
Vitamin A, RE
mcg_RE
0.100
Vitamin E
mg_ATE
0.021
Lipids
. .
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.044
4:0
g
0.000
6:0
g
0.000
8:0
g
0.000
10:0
g
0.000
12:0
g
0.000
14:0
g
0.000
16:0
g
0.026
18:0
g
0.008
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.319
16:1 undifferentiated
g
0.005
18:1 undifferentiated
g
0.309
20:1
g
0.005
22:1 undifferentiated
g
0.000
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.074
18:2 undifferentiated
g
0.070
18:3 undifferentiated
g
0.004
18:4
g
0.000
20:4 undifferentiated
g
0.000
20:5 n-3
g
0.000
22:5 n-3
g
0.000
22:6 n-3
g
0.000
Cholesterol
mg
0.000
Phytosterols
mg
1.200