Book of the Damned Chapter XIV
WE see conventionally. It is not only that we think and act and speak
and dress alike, because of our surrender to social attempt at Entity, in
which we are only super-cellular. We see what it is "proper" that we
should see. It is orthodox enough to say that a horse is not a horse, to
an infant--any more than is an orange an orange to the unsophisticated.
It's interesting to walk along a street sometimes and look at things and
wonder what they'd look like, if we hadn't been taught to see horses and
trees and houses as horses and trees and houses. I think that to
super-sight they are local stresses merging indistinguishably into one
another, in an all-inclusive nexus.
I think that it would be credible enough to say that many times have
Monstrator and Elvera and Azuria crossed telescopic fields of vision, and
were not even seen--because it wouldn't be proper to see them; it wouldn't
be respectable, and it wouldn't be respectful: it would be insulting to
old bones to see them: it would bring on evil influences from the relics
of St. Isaac to see them.
But our data:
Of vast worlds that are orbitless, or that are navigable, or that are
adrift in inter-planetary tides and currents: the data that we shall have
of their approach, in modern times, within five or six miles of this
But then their visits, or approaches, to other planets, or to other of
the few regularized bodies that have surrendered to the attempted Entity
of this solar system as a whole--
The question that we can't very well evade:
Have these other worlds, or super-constructions, ever been seen by
I think there would not be much approximation to realness in taking
refuge in the notion of astronomers who stare and squint and see only that
which it is respectable and respectful to see. It is all very well to say
that astronomers are hypnotics, and that an astronomer looking at the moon
is hypnotized by the moon, but our acceptance is that the bodies of this
present expression often visit the moon, or cross it, or are held in
temporary suspension near it--then some of them must often have been
within the diameter of an astronomer's hypnosis.
Our general expression:
That, upon the oceans of this earth, there are regularized vessels, but
also that there are tramp vessels:
That, upon the super-ocean, there are regularized planets, but also
that there are tramp worlds:
That astronomers are like mercantile purists who would deny commercial
Our acceptance is that vast celestial vagabonds have been excluded by
astronomers, primarily because their irresponsibilities are an affront to
the pure and the precise, or to attempted positivism; and secondarily
because they have not been seen so very often. The planets steadily
reflect the light of the sun: upon this uniformity a system that we call
Primary Astronomy has been built up; but now the subject-matter of
Advanced Astronomy is data of celestial phenomena that are sometimes light
and sometimes dark, varying like some of the satellites of Jupiter, but
with a wider range. However, light or dark, they have been seen and
reported so often that the only important reason for their exclusion
is--that they don't fit in.
With dark bodies that are probably external to our own solar system, I
have, in the provincialism that no one can escape, not much concern. Dark
bodies afloat in outer space would have been damned a few years ago, but
now they're sanctioned by Prof. Barnard--and, if he says they're all
right, you may think of them without the fear of doing something wrong or
ridiculous--the close kinship we note so often between the evil and the
absurd--I suppose by the ridiculous I mean the froth of evil. The dark
companion of Algol, for instance. Though that's a clear case of celestial
miscegenation, the purists, or positivists, admit that's so. In the
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1915-394, Prof.
Barnard writes of an object--he calls it an "object"--in Cephus. His idea
is that there are dark, opaque bodies outside this solar system. But in
the Astrophysical Journal, 1916-1, he modifies into regarding
them as "dark nebulæ." That's not so interesting.
We accept that Venus, for instance, has often been visited by other
worlds, or by super-constructions, from which come cinders and coke and
coal; that sometimes these things have reflected light and have been seen
from this earth--by professional astronomers. It will be noted that
throughout this chapter our data are accursed Brahmins--as, by hypnosis
and inertia, we keep on and keep on saying, just as a good many of the
scientists of the 19th century kept on and kept on admitting the power of
the system that preceded them--or Continuity would be smashed. There's a
big chance here for us to be instantaneously translated to the Positive
What I emphasize here is that our damned data are observations by
astronomers of the highest standing, excommunicated by astronomers of
similar standing--but backed up by the dominant spirit of their era--to
which all minds had to equilibrate or be negligible, unheard, submerged.
It would seem sometimes, in this book, as if our revolts were against the
dogmatisms and pontifications of single scientists of eminence. This is
only a convenience, because it seems necessary to personify. If we look
over Philosophical Transactions, or the publications of the Royal
Astronomical Society, for instance, we see that Herschel, for instance,
was as powerless as any boy star-gazer, to enforce acceptance of any
observation of his that did not harmonize with the system that was growing
up as independently of him and all other astronomers, as a phase in the
development of an embryo compels all cells to take on appearances
concordantly with the design and the predetermined progress and schedule
of the whole.
Visitors to Venus:
Evans, "Ways of the Planets," p. 140:
That, in 1645, a body large enough to look like a satellite was seen
near Venus. Four times in the first half of the 18th century, a similar
observation was reported. The last report occurred in 1767.
A large body has been seen--seven times, according to Science
Gossip, 1886-178--near Venus. At least one astronomer, Houzeau,
accepted these observations and named the--world, planet,
super-construction--"Neith." His views are mentioned "in passing, but
without endorsement," in the Trans. N. Y. Acad., 5-249.
Houzeau or some one writing for the magazine-section of a Sunday
newspaper--outer darkness for both alike. A new satellite in this solar
system might be a little disturbing--though the formulas of La Place,
which were considered final in his day, have survived the admittance of
five or six hundred bodies not included in those formulas--a satellite to
Venus might be a little disturbing, but would be explained--but a large
body approaching a planet--staying a while--going away--coming back some
other time--anchoring, as it were--
Azuria is pretty bad, but Azuria is no worse than Neith.
Astrophysical Journal, 1-127:
A light-reflecting body, or a bright spot near Mars: seen Nov. 25,
1894, by Prof. Pickering and others, at the Lowell Observatory, above an
unilluminated part of Mars--self-luminous, it would seem--thought to have
been a cloud--but estimated to have been about twenty miles away from the
Luminous spot seen moving across the disk of Mercury, in 1799, by
Harding and Schroeter. (Monthly Notices of the R. A. S., 38-338.)
In the first Bulletin issued by the Lowell Observatory, in
1903, Prof. Lowell describes a body that was seen on the terminator of
Mars, May 20, 1903. On May 27, it was "suspected." If still there, it had
moved, we are told, about 300 miles--"probably a dust cloud."
Very conspicuous and brilliant spots seen on the disk of Mars, Oct. and
Nov., 1911. (Popular Astronomy, Vol. 19, No. 10.)
So one of them accepted six or seven observations that were in
agreement, except that they could not be regularized, upon a
world--planet--satellite--and he gave it a name. He named it "Neith."
Monstrator and Elvera and Azuria and Super-Romanimus--
Or heresy and orthodoxy and the oneness of all quasiness, and our ways
and means and methods are the very same. Or, if we name things that may
not be, we are not of lonely guilt in the nomenclature of absences--
But now Leverrier and "Vulcan."
Or to demonstrate the collapsibility of froth, stick a pin in the
largest bubble of it. Astronomy and inflation: and by inflation we mean
expansion of the attenuated. Or that the science of Astronomy is a
phantom-film distended with myth-stuff--but always our acceptance that it
approximates higher to substantiality than did the system that preceded
So Leverrier and the "planet Vulcan."
And we repeat, and it will do us small good to repeat. If you be of the
masses that the astronomers have hypnotized--being themselves hypnotized,
or they could not hypnotize others--or that the hypnotist's control is not
the masterful power that it is popularly supposed to be, but only
transference of state from one hypnotic to another--
If you be of the masses that the astronomers have hypnotized, you will
not be able even to remember. Ten pages from here, and Leverrier and the
"planet Vulcan" will have fallen from your mind, like beans from a magnet,
or like data of cold meteorites from the mind of a Thomson.
Leverrier and the "planet Vulcan."
And much the good it will do us to repeat.
But at least temporarily we shall have an impression of a historic
fiasco, such as, in our acceptance, could occur only in a quasi-existence.
In 1859, Dr. Lescarbault, an amateur astronomer, of Orgères, France,
announced that, upon March 26, of that year, he had seen a body of
planetary size cross the sun. We are in a subject that is now as unholy to
the present system as ever were its own subjects to the system that
preceded it, or as ever were slanders against miracles to the preceding
system. Nevertheless few text-books go so far as quite to disregard the
tragedy. The method of the systematists is slightingly to give a few
instances of the unholy, and dispose of the few. If it were desirable to
them to deny that there are mountains upon this earth, they would record a
few observations upon some slight eminences near Orange, N.J., but say
that commuters, though estimable persons in several ways, are likely to
have their observations mixed. The text-books casually mention a few of
the "supposed" observations upon "Vulcan," and then pass on.
Dr. Lescarbault wrote to Leverrier, who hastened to Orgères--
Because this announcement assimilated with his own calculations upon a
planet between Mercury and the sun--
Because this solar system itself has never attained positiveness in the
aspect of Regularity: there are to Mercury, as there are to Neptune,
phenomena irreconcilable with the formulas, or motions that betray
influence by something else.
We are told that Leverrier "satisfied himself as to the substantial
accuracy of the reported observation." The story of this investigation is
told in Monthly Notices, 20-98. It seems too bad to threaten the
naïve little thing with our rude sophistications, but it is amusingly of
the ingenuousness of the age from which present dogmas have survived.
Lescarbault wrote to Leverrier. Leverrier hastened to Orgères. But he was
careful not to tell Lescarbault who he was. Went right in, and "subjected
Dr. Lescarbault to a very severe cross-examination"--just the way you or I
may feel at liberty to go into anybody's home and be severe with
people--"pressing him hard step by step"--just as any one might go into
some one else's house and press him hard, though unknown to the
hard-pressed one. Not until he was satisfied, did Leverrier reveal his
identity. I suppose Dr. Lescarbault expressed astonishment. I think
there's something utopian about this: it's so unlike the stand-offishness
of New York life.
Leverrier gave the name "Vulcan" to the object that Dr. Lescarbault had
By the same means by which he is, even to this day, supposed--by the
faithful--to have discovered Neptune, he had already announced the
probable existence of an Intra-Mercurial body, or group of bodies. He had
five observations besides Lescarbault's upon something that had been seen
to cross the sun. In accordance with the mathematical hypnoses of his era,
he studied these six transits. Out of them he computed elements giving
"Vulcan" a period of about 20 days, or a formula for heliocentric
longitude at any time.
But he placed the time of best observation away up in 1877.
But even so, or considering that he still had probably a good many
years to live, it may strike one that he was a little rash--that is if one
has not gone very deep into the study of hypnoses--that, having
"discovered" Neptune by a method which, in our acceptance, had no more to
recommend it than had once equally well-thought-of methods of
witch-finding, he should not have taken such chances: that if he was right
as to Neptune, but he should be wrong as to "Vulcan," his average would be
away below that of most fortune-tellers, who could scarcely hope to do
business upon a fifty per cent. basis--all that the reasoning of a tyro in
March 22, 1877.
The scientific world was up on its hind legs nosing the sky. The thing
had been done so authoritatively. Never a pope had said a thing with more
of the seeming of finality. If six observations correlated, what more
could be asked? The Editor of Nature, a week before the predicted
event, though cautious, said that it is difficult to explain how six
observers, unknown to one another, could have data that could be
formulated, if they were not related phenomena.
In a way, at this point occurs the crisis of our whole book.
Formulas are against us.
But can astronomic formulas, backed up by observations in agreement,
taken many years apart, calculated by a Leverrier, be as meaningless, in a
positive sense, as all other quasi-things that we have encountered so far?
The preparations they made, before March 22, 1877. In England, the
Astronomer Royal made it the expectation of his life: notified observers
at Madras, Melbourne, Sydney, and New Zealand, and arranged with observers
in Chile and the United States. M. Struve had prepared for observations in
Siberia and Japan--
March 22, 1877--
Not absolutely, hypocritically, I think it's pathetic, myself. If any
one should doubt the sincerity of Leverrier, in this matter, we note,
whether it has meaning or not, that a few months later he died.
I think we'll take up Monstrator, though there's so much to this
subject that we'll have to come back.
According to the Annual Register, 9-120, upon the 9th of
August, 1762, M. de Rostan, of Basle, France, was taking altitudes of the
sun, at Lausanne. He saw a vast, spindle-shaped body, about three of the
sun's digits in breadth and nine in length, advancing slowly across the
disk of the sun, or "with no more than half the velocity with which
ordinary solar spots move." It did not disappear until the 7th of
September, when it reached the sun's limb. Because of the spindle-like
form, I incline to think of a super-Zeppelin, but another observation,
which seems to indicate that it was a world, is that, though it was
opaque, and "eclipsed the sun," it had around it a kind of nebulosity--or
atmosphere? A penumbra would ordinarily be a datum of a sun spot, but
there are observations that indicate that this object was at a
considerable distance from the sun:
It is recorded that another observer, at Paris, watching the sun, at
this time, had not seen this object;
But that M. Croste, at Sole, about forty-five German leagues northward
of Lausanne, had seen it, describing the same spindle-form, but
disagreeing a little as to breadth. Then comes the important point: that
he and M. de Rostan did not see it upon the same part of the sun. This,
then, is parallax, and compounded with invisibility at Paris, is great
parallax--or that, in the course of a month, in the summer of 1762, a
large, opaque, spindle-shaped body traversed the disk of the sun, but at a
great distance from the sun. The writer in the Register says: "In
a word, we know of nothing to have recourse to, in the heavens, by which
to explain this phenomenon." I suppose he was not a hopeless addict to
explaining. Extraordinary--we fear he must have been a man of loose habits
in some other respects.
As to us--
In the Monthly Notices of the R. A. S., Feb., 1877, Leverrier,
who never lost faith, up to the last day, gives the six observations upon
an unknown body of planetary size, that he had formulated.
Fritsch, Oct. 10, 1802; Stark, Oct. 9, 1819; De Cuppis, Oct. 30, 1839;
Sidebotham, Nov. 12, 1849; Lescarbault, March 26, 1859; Lummis, March 20,
If we weren't so accustomed to Science in its essential aspect of
Disregard, we'd be mystified and impressed, like the Editor of Nature,
with the formulation of these data: agreement of so many instances would
seem incredible as a coincidence: but our acceptance is that, with just
enough disregard, astronomers and fortune-tellers can formulate
anything--or we'd engage, ourselves, to formulate periodicities in the
crowds in Broadway--say that every Wednesday morning, a tall man, with one
leg and a black eye, carrying a rubber plant, passes the Singer Building,
at quarter past ten o'clock. Of course it couldn't really be done, unless
such a man did have such a periodicity, but if some Wednesday mornings it
should be a small child lugging a barrel, or a fat negress with a week's
wash, by ordinary disregard that would be a prediction good enough for the
kind of quasi-existence we're in.
So whether we accuse, or whether we think that the word "accuse"
over-dignifies an attitude toward a quasi-astronomer, or mere figment in a
super-dream, our acceptance is that Leverrier never did formulate
That he picked out observations that could be formulated--
That of this type are all formulas--
That if Leverrier had not been himself helplessly hypnotized, or if he
had had in him more than a tincture of realness, never could he have been
beguiled by such a quasi-process: but that he was hypnotized, and so
extended, or transferred, his condition to others, that upon March 22,
1877, he had this earth bristling with telescopes, with the rigid and
almost inanimate forms of astronomers behind them--
And not a blessed thing of any unusuality was seen upon that day or
But that the science of Astronomy suffered the slightest in prestige?
It couldn't. The spirit of 1877 was behind it. If, in an embryo, some
cells should not live up to the phenomena of their era, the others will
sustain the scheduled appearances. Not until an embryo enters the
mammalian stage are cells of the reptilian stage false cells.
It is our acceptance that there were many equally authentic reports
upon large planetary bodies that had been seen near the sun; that, of
many, Leverrier picked out six; not then deciding that all the other
observations related to still other large, planetary bodies, but
arbitrarily, or hypnotically, disregarding--or heroically
disregarding--every one of them--that to formulate at all he had to
exclude falsely. The dénouement killed him, I think. I'm not at all
inclined to place him with the Grays and Hitchcocks and Symonses. I'm not,
because, though it was rather unsportsmanlike to put the date so far
ahead, he did give a date, and he did stick to it with such a high
I think Leverrier was translated to the Positive Absolute.
Observation, of June 26, 1819, by Gruithinson--but that was of two
bodies that crossed the sun together--
That, according to the astronomer, J. R. Hind, Benjamin Scott, City
Chamberlain of London, and Mr. Wray, had, in 1847, seen a body similar to
"Vulcan" cross the sun.
Similar observation by Hind and Lowe, March 12, 1849. (L'Année
Body of apparent size of Mercury, seen, Jan. 29, 1860, by F. A. R.
Russell and four other observers, crossing the sun.
De Vico's observation of July 12, 1837. ("Observatory," 2-424.)
L'Année Scientifique, 1865-16:
That another amateur astronomer, M. Coumbray, of Constantinople, had
written to Leverrier, that, upon the 8th of March, 1865, he had seen a
black point, sharply outlined, traverse the disk of the sun. It detached
itself from a group of sun spots near the limb of the sun, and took 48
minutes to reach the other limb. Figuring upon the diagram from M.
Coumbray, a central passage would have taken a little more than an hour.
This observation was disregarded by Leverrier, because his formula
required about four times that velocity. The point here is that these
other observations are as authentic as those that Leverrier included;
that, then, upon data as good as the data of "Vulcan," there must be other
"Vulcans"--the heroic and defiant disregard, then, of trying to formulate
one, omitting the others, which, by orthodox doctrine, must have
influenced it greatly, if all were in the relatively narrow space between
Mercury and the sun.
Observation upon another such body, of April 4, 1876, by M. Weber, of
Berlin. As to this observation, Leverrier was informed by Wolf, in August,
1876 (L'Année Scientifique, 1876-7). It made no difference, so
far as can be known, to this notable positivist.
Two other observations noted by Hind and Denning--London Times,
Nov. 3, 1871, and March 26, 1873.
Monthly Notices of the R. A. S., 20-100:
Standacher, Feb., 1762; Lichtenberg, Nov. 19, 1762; Hoffman, May, 1764;
Dangos, Jan. 18, 1798; Stark, Feb. 12, 1820. An observation by Schmidt,
Oct. 11, 1847, is said to be doubtful: but, upon page 192, it is said that
this doubt had arisen because of a mistaken translation, and two other
observations by Schmidt are given: Oct. 14, 1849, and Feb. 18, 1850--also
an observation by Lofft, Jan. 6, 1818. Observation by Steinheibel, at
Vienna, April 27, 1820 (Monthly Notices, 1862).
Haase had collected reports of twenty observations like Lescarbault's.
The list was published in 1872, by Wolf. Also there are other instances
Amer. Jour. Sci., 2-28-446:
Report by Pastorff that he had seen twice in 1836, and once in 1837,
two round spots of unequal size moving across the sun, changing position
relatively to each other, and taking a different course, if not orbit,
each time: that, in 1834, he had seen similar bodies pass six times across
the disk of the sun, looking very much like Mercury in his transits.
March 22, 1876--
But to point out Leverrier's poverty-stricken average--or discovering
planets upon a fifty per cent. basis--would be to point out the low
percentage of realness in the quasi-myth-stuff of which the whole system
is composed. We do not accuse the text-books of omitting this fiasco, but
we do note that theirs is the conventional adaptation here of all
beguilers who are in difficulties--
The diverting of attention.
It wouldn't be possible in a real existence, with real mentality, to
deal with, but I suppose it's good enough for the quasi-intellects that
stupefy themselves with text-books. The trick here is to gloss over
Leverrier's mistake, and blame Lescarbault--he was only an amateur--had
delusions. The reader's attention is led against Lescarbault by a report
from M. Lias, director of the Brazilian Coast Survey, who, at the time of
Lescarbault's "supposed" observation had been watching the sun in Brazil,
and, instead of seeing even ordinary sun spots, had noted that the region
of the "supposed transit" was of "uniform intensity."
But the meaninglessness of all utterances in quasi-existence--
"Uniform intensity" turns our way as much as against us--or some day
some brain will conceive a way of beating Newton's third law--if every
reaction, or resistance, is, or can be, interpretable as stimulus instead
of resistance--if this could be done in mechanics, there's a way open here
for someone to own the world--specifically in this matter, "uniform
intensity" means that Lescarbault saw no ordinary sun spot, just as much
as it means that no spot at all was seen upon the sun. Continuing the
interpretation of a resistance as an assistance, which can always be done
with mental forces--making us wonder what applications could be made of
steam and electric forces--we point out that invisibility in Brazil means
parallax quite as truly as it means absence, and, inasmuch as "Vulcan" was
supposed to be distant from the sun, we interpret denial as
corroboration--method of course of every scientist, politician,
theologian, high-school debater.
So the text-books, with no especial cleverness, because no especial
cleverness is needed, lead the reader into contempt for the amateur of
Orgères, and forgetfulness of Leverrier--and some other subject is taken
But our own acceptance:
That these data are as good as ever they were;
That, if some one of eminence should predict an earthquake, and if
there should be no earthquake at the predicted time, that would discredit
the prophet, but data of past earthquakes would remain as good as ever
they had been. It is easy enough to smile at the illusion of a single
Fritsch, Stark, De Cuppis, Sidebotham, Lescarbault, Lummis, Gruithinson,
De Vico, Scott, Wray, Russell, Hind, Lowe, Coumbray, Weber, Standacher,
Lichtenberg, Dangos, Hoffman, Schmidt, Lofft, Steinheibel, Pastorff--
These are only the observations conventionally listed relatively to an
Intra-Mercurial planet. They are formidable enough to prevent our being
diverted, as if it were all the dream of a lonely amateur--but they're a
mere advance-guard. From now on other data of large celestial bodies, some
dark and some reflecting light, will pass and pass and keep on passing--
So that some of us will remember a thing or two, after the procession's
Taking up only one of the listed observations--
Or our impression of the discrediting of Leverrier has nothing to do
with the acceptability of these data:
In the London Times, Jan. 10, 1860, is Benjamin Scott's
account of his observation:
That, in the summer of 1847, he had seen a body that had seemed to be
the size of Venus, crossing the sun. He says that, hardly believing the
evidence of his sense of sight, he had looked for someone, whose hopes or
ambitions would not make him so subject to illusion. He had told his
little son, aged five years, to look through the telescope. The child had
exclaimed that he had seen "a little balloon" crossing the sun. Scott says
that he had not had sufficient self-reliance to make public announcement
of his remarkable observation at the time, but that, in the evening of the
same day, he had told Dr. Dick, F. R. A. S., who had cited other
instances. In the Times, Jan. 12, 1860, is published a letter
from Richard Abbott, F. R. A. S.: that he remembered Mr. Scott's letter to
him upon this observation, at the time of the occurrence.
I suppose that, at the beginning of this chapter, one had the notion
that, by hard scratching through musty old records we might rake up vague,
more than doubtful data, distortable into what's called evidence of
unrecognized worlds or constructions of planetary size--
But the high authenticity and the support and the modernity of these of
the accursed that we are now considering--
And our acceptance that ours is quasi-existence, in which above all
other things, hopes, ambitions, emotions, motivations, stands Attempt to
Positivize: that we are here considering an attempt to systematize that is
sheer fanaticism in its disregard of the unsystematizable--that it
represented the highest good in the 19th century--that it is mono-mania,
but heroic mono-mania that was quasi-divine in the 19th century--
But that this isn't the 19th century.
As a duly sponsored Brahmin--in the regard of Baptists--the [195/196]
objects of July 29, 1878, stand out and proclaim themselves so that
nothing but disregard of the intensity of mono-mania can account for their
reception by the system:
Or the total eclipse of July 29, 1878, and the reports by Prof. Watson,
from Rawlins, Wyoming, and by Prof. Swift, from Denver, Colorado: that
they had seen two shining objects at a considerable distance from the sun.
It's quite in accord with our general expression: not that there is an
Intra-Mercurial planet, but that there are different bodies, many vast
things; near this earth sometimes, near the sun sometimes; orbitless
worlds, which, because of scarcely any data of collisions, we think of as
under navigable control--or dirigible super-constructions.
Prof. Watson and Prof. Swift published their observations.
Then the disregard that we can not think of in terms of ordinary, sane
The text-book systematists begin by telling us that the trouble with
these observations is that they disagree widely: there is considerable
respectfulness, especially for Prof. Swift, but we are told that by
coincidence these two astronomers, hundreds of miles apart, were illuded:
their observations were so different--
Prof. Swift (Nature, Sept. 19, 1878):
That his own observation was "a close approximation to that given by
In the Observatory, 2-161, Swift says that his observations
and Watson's were "confirmatory each of the other."
The faithful try again:
That Watson and Swift mistook stars for other bodies.
In the Observatory, 2-193, Prof. Watson says that he had
previously committed to memory all stars near the sun, down to the seventh
And he's damned anyway.
How such exclusions work out is shown by Lockyer (Nature, Aug.
20, 1878). He says: "There is little doubt that an Intra-Mercurial planet
has been discovered by Prof. Watson."
That was before excommunication was pronounced.
"If it will fit one of Leverrier's orbits"--
It didn't fit.
In Nature, 21-301, Prof. Swift says:
"I have never made a more valid observation, nor one more free from
He's damned anyway.
We shall have some data that will not live up to most rigorous
requirements, but, if any one would like to read how carefully and
minutely these two sets of observations were made, see Prof. Swift's
detailed description in the Am. Jour. Sci., 116-313; and the
technicalities of Prof. Watson's observations in Monthly Notices,
Our own acceptance upon dirigible worlds, which is assuredly enough,
more nearly real than attempted concepts of large planets relatively near
this earth, moving in orbits, but visible only occasionally; which more
nearly approximates to reasonableness than does wholesale slaughter of
Swift and Watson and Fritsch and Stark and De Cuppis--but our own
acceptance is so painful to so many minds that, in another of the
charitable moments that we have now and then for the sake of contrast, we
The things seen high in the sky by Swift and Watson--
Well, only two months before--the horse and the barn--
We go on with more observations by astronomers, recognizing that it is
the very thing that has given them life, sustained them, held them
together, that has crushed all but the quasi-gleam of independent life out
of them. Were they not systematized, they could not be at all, except
sporadically and without sustenance. They are systematized: they must not
vary from the conditions of the system: they must break away for
The two great commandments:
Thou shalt not break Continuity;
Thou shalt try.
We go on with these disregarded data, some of which, many of which, are
of the highest degree of acceptability. It is the System that pulls back
its variations, as this earth is pulling back the Matterhorn. It is the
System that nourishes and rewards, and also freezes out life with the
chill of disregard. We do note that, before excommunication is pronounced,
orthodox journals do liberally enough record unassimilable observations.
All things merge away into everything else.
That is Continuity.
So the System merges away and evades us when we try to focus against
We have complained a great deal. At least we are not so dull as to have
the delusion that we know just exactly what it is that we are complaining
about. We speak seemingly definitely enough of "the System," but we're
building upon observations by members of that very system. Or what we are
doing--gathering up the loose heresies of the orthodox. Of course "the
System" fringes and ravels away, having no real outline. A Swift will
antagonize "the System," and a Lockyer will call him back; but, then, a
Lockyer will vary with a "meteoric hypothesis," and a Swift will, in turn,
represent "the System." This state is to us typical of all intermediatist
phenomena; or that not conceivably is anything really anything, if its
parts are likely to be their own opposites at any time. We speak of
astronomers--as if there were real astronomers--but who have lost their
identity in a System--as if it were a real System--but behind the System
is plainly a rapport, or loss of identity in the Spirit of an Era.
Bodies that have looked like dark bodies, and lights that may have been
sunlight reflected from interplanetary--objects, masses, constructions--
Lights that have been seen upon--or near?--the moon:
In Philosophical Transactions, 82-27, is Herschel's report
upon many luminous points, which he saw upon--or near?--the moon, during
an eclipse. Why should they be luminous, whereas the moon itself was dark,
would get us into a lot of trouble--except that later we shall, or we
sha'n't, accept that many times have luminous objects been seen close to
this earth--at night.
But numerousness is a new factor, or new disturbance, to our
A new aspect of inter-planetary inhabitancy or occupancy--
Worlds in hordes--or beings--winged beings perhaps--wouldn't astonish
me if we should end up by discovering angels--or beings in machines--argosies
of celestial voyagers--
In 1783 and 1787, Herschel reported more lights on or near the moon,
which he supposed were volcanic.
The word of a Herschel has had no more weight, in divergences from the
orthodox, than has had the word of a Lescarbault. These observations are
of the disregarded.
Bright spots seen in the moon, Nov., 1821 (Proc. London Roy. Soc.,
For four other instances, see Loomis ("Treatise on Astronomy," p. 174).
A moving light is reported in Phil. Trans., 84-429. To the
writer, it looked like a star passing over the moon--"which, on the next
moment's consideration I knew to be impossible." "It was a fixed, steady
light upon the dark part of the moon." I suppose "fixed" applies to luster.
In the Report of the Brit. Assoc., 1847-18, there is an
observation by Rankin, upon luminous points seen on the shaded part of the
moon, during an eclipse. They seemed to this observer like reflections of
stars. That's not very reasonable: however, we have, in the Annual
Register, 1821-687, a light not referable to star--because it moved
with the moon: was seen three nights in succession; reported by Capt.
Kater. See Quar. Jour. Roy. Inst., 12-133.
Phil. Trans., 112-237:
Report from the Cape Town Observatory: a whitish spot on the dark part
of the moon's limb. Three smaller lights were seen.
The call for positiveness, in its aspects of singleness, or
homogeneity, or oneness, or completeness. In data now coming, I feel it
myself. A Leverrier studies more than twenty observations. The inclination
is irresistible to think they all relate to one phenomenon. It is an
expression of cosmic inclination. Most of the observations are so
irreconcilable with any acceptance other than the orbitless, dirigible
worlds that he shuts his eyes to more than two-thirds of them; he picks
out six that can give him the illusion of completeness, or of all relating
to one planet.
Or let it be that we have data of many dark bodies--still do we incline
almost irresistibly to think of one of them as the dark-body-in-chief.
Dark bodies, floating, or navigating, in inter-planetary space--and I
conceive of one that's the Prince of Dark Bodies:
Vast dark thing with wings of a super-bat, or jet-black
super-construction; most likely one of the spores of the Evil one.
The extraordinary year, 1883:
London Times, Dec. 17, 1883:
Extract from a letter by Hicks Pashaw: that, in Egypt, Sept. 24, 1883,
he had seen on the sun, through glasses, "an immense black spot on the
lower part of the sun."
Sun spot, may be.
One night an astronomer was looking up at the sky, when something
obscured a star, for three and a half seconds. A meteor had been seen
nearby, but its train had been only momentarily visible. Dr. Wolf was the
astronomer (Nature, 86-528).
The next datum is one of the most sensational we have, except that
there is very little to it. A dark object that was seen by Prof. Heis, for
eleven degrees of arc, moving slowly across the Milky Way (Greg's
Catalogue, Rept. Brit. Assoc., 1867- 426).
One of our quasi-reasons for accepting that orbitless worlds are
dirigible is the almost complete absence of data of collisions: of course,
though in defiance of gravitation, they may, without direction like human
direction, adjust to one another in the way of vortex rings of smoke--a
very human-like way, that is. But in Knowledge, Feb., 1894, are
two photographs of Brooks' comet that are shown as evidence of its seeming
collision with a dark object, Oct., 1893. Our own wording is that it
"struck against something": Prof. Barnard's is that it had "entered some
dense medium, which shattered it." For all I know it had knocked against
merely a field of ice.
That upon the wings of a super-bat, he broods over this earth and over
other worlds, perhaps deriving something from them: hovers on wings, or
wing-like appendages, or planes that are hundreds of miles from tip to
tip--a super-evil things that is exploiting us. By Evil I mean that which
makes us useful.
He obscures a star. He shoves a comet. I think he's a vast, black,
Science, July 31, 1896:
That, according to a newspaper account, Mr. W. R. Brooks, director of
the Smith Observatory, had seen a dark round object pass rather slowly
across the moon, in a horizontal direction. In Mr. Brooks' opinion it was
a dark meteor. In Science, Sept. 14, 1896, a correspondent writes
that, in his opinion, it may have been a bird. We shall have no trouble
with the meteor and bird mergers, if we have observations of long duration
and estimates of size up to hundreds of miles. As to the body that was
seen by Brooks, there is a note from the Dutch astronomer, Muller, in the
Scientific American, 75-251, that, upon April 4, 1892, he had
seen a similar phenomenon. In Science Gossip, 3-135, are more
details of the Brooks object--apparent diameter about one-thirtieth of the
moon's--moon's disk crossed in three or four seconds. The writer, in
Science Gossip, says that, on June 27, 1896, at one o'clock in the
morning, he was looking at the moon with a 2-inch achromatic, power 44,
when a long black object sailed past, from west to east, the transit
occupying 3 or 4 seconds. He believed this object to be a bird--there was,
however, no fluttering motion observable in it. [200/201]
In the Astronomische Nachrichten, No. 3477, Dr. Martin Brendel,
of Griefswald, Pomerania, writes that Postmaster Ziegler and other
observers had seen a body about 6 feet in diameter crossing the sun's
disk. The duration here indicates something far from the earth, and also
far from the sun. This thing was seen a quarter of an hour before it
reached the sun. Time in crossing the sun was about an hour. After leaving
the sun it was visible an hour.
I think he's a vast, black vampire that sometimes broods over this
earth and other bodies.
Communication from Dr. F. B. Harris (Popular Astronomy,
That, upon the evening of January 27, 1912, Dr. Harris saw, upon the
moon, "an intensely black object." He estimated it to be 250 miles long
and 50 miles wide. "The object resembled a crow poised, as near as
anything." Clouds then cut off observation.
Dr. Harris writes:
"I cannot but think that a very interesting and curious phenomenon